Lung cancer

Lungs are an important part of our body. They perform the vital operation of the exchange of gases in our system. Oxygen is absorbed and carbon dioxide is released. This functionality is important for every living cells. These cells can only operate properly with the right amount of oxygen. If the blood doesn’t receive adequate oxygen, then the results can be fatal.

That is why healthy lungs promote a long and healthy life. These lungs are divided into several sections. Two lung structures are connected with the trachea

Inside the lungs, bronchi and alveoli help in the transfer and exchange of gases. Lung cancer can happen in any of these regions. It not only blocks the pathway of oxygen and carbon dioxide but develops blisters and fluid-filled sacs inside the lungs. This can cause many complications inside the lungs.

Apart from this, if the cancer is not treated on time, it can transmit to other regions of the body. Thus, a proper medical examination and treatment are required to cure this disease.

General Information to Cancer

In any type of cancer, the mutated cells grow rapidly in the body and harm the nearby cells. This growth is dangerous for our body and needs to be stopped immediatelyIt can happen due to various reasons like age, smoking, diet, and family history of cancer. The recovery process depends on the stage of cancer and the type of treatment done. If detected at the right time, the cancer cells can be removed by a surgeon.

Lung cancers are divided into two types namely non-small cell and small cell. These are named according to the size of the cancer cell. A basic description of these types is given below:

Non-Small Cell

This is a common category of lung cancer. It is further divided into three types:

Squamous Cell Cancer: The primary cause of cancer in the squamous cells of the lungs is smoking. This cancer originates in these flat cells that are present in the airways. After that, the cancer cells can spread to other parts of the body.

Large Cell Carcinoma: This type of lung cancer can form in any area of the lungs. This is a rapidly growing cancer that is difficult to cure by doctors.  

Adenocarcinoma: It is located in the outer region of the lungs and can be easily detected by doctors. 

Small Cell

It is a recurring variety of cancer that is found in less percentage of people. It grows and spreads faster than Non-small lung cancer and is mostly treated using radiation therapy or chemotherapy.

What are the Symptoms?

Lung cancer can have several symptoms depending on each individual. If you notice any of the following points, please consult with your doctor:

  • Chest discomfort and pain
  • Change in the voice
  • Coughing blood
  • Unable to breathe properly
  • Severe Headaches
  • Sudden weight loss
  • Feeling tired all the time
  • Frequently getting lung infections
  • Loss of Appetite
  • Cough staying for a long time

Diagnosis

Physical Checkup

In the first step, the doctor will examine the health of the patient and check for the basic symptoms of lung cancer. The patient might receive certain medications and guidelines. 

Digital Scans

Several kinds of scans are performed, including CT, X-RAY, and MRI. These scans create an internal image of the organ and display the desired result on a digital screen. In this way, the doctor can find the affected area. Early lung cancer screening Singapore provides better diagnosis.

活检

This is a tissue sampling technique. In this procedure, a sample is taken from a particular region that is sent to the lab for further testing. 

How is Lung Cancer Cured?

The treatment for lung cancer differs for Non-small cell lung cancer and small cell lung cancer. The procedure also depends on the stage of cancer. In later stages, it becomes difficult to completely remove cancer and stop its growth.

In most situations, surgery is performed to remove a specific area of the lung. It is the first option that most surgeons would go for. Sometimes, an entire lung is removed from the patient’s body.

Apart from this, few other methods are available for curing lung cancer. These techniques are listed below:

化学疗法

A large quantity of medicines is given to the patient to kill the rapidly growing cancer cells. 

放射治疗

High-energy beams are targeted at the lungs to eradicate the cancer cells. 

免疫疗法

The natural immunity of the body is boosted to fight cancer.

Where to get a lung cancer specialist in Singapore?

Lung cancer needs proper treatment for preventing the further growth of cancer in the body. A lung cancer specialist Singapore can help you with this condition. One should consult with a Lung Surgeon Singapore and ask about the complete procedure of lung cancer removal. In any scenario, a lung specialist Singapore will have the tools and knowledge to examine your problem.

类似文章